ソフトウェア/docker/Railsを動かす のバックアップ(No.5)

更新


公開メモ

参考にしたページ

https://qiita.com/okamos/items/8e9b258e3d610bdc2ed9

Qiita - Ruby on Rails 5.2の新機能(Active Storage, Content Security Policyなど)
https://qiita.com/ryohashimoto/items/75f48fa5a3846c58f735

構成案

まだ考え中。

vagrant box に ubuntu/trusty64 を入れて、その中に以下の docker コンテナを用意する?

  • データボリューム
  • nginx サーバー
  • rails サーバー
  • postgresql サーバー

永続化が必要なデータは vagrant box 外のホストファイルシステムに置く?(とりあえず)

デプロイ方法はまた考える。

vagrant で ubuntu/trusty64 に docker を入れる

LANG:console
$ mkdir trusty64docker
$ cd trusty64docker
$ vagrant init
$ ls
 Vagrantfile
$ vi Vagrantfile # 変更点のみ
 # encoding: UTF-8
   config.vm.box = "ubuntu/trusty64"
   config.vm.network "private_network", ip: "192.168.33.10"
   config.vm.provision "shell", inline: <<-SHELL
     # すでに初期化が済んでいれば抜ける
     test -f /etc/bootstrapped && exitv
 
     # dockerproject.org を apt/sources/list.d へ入れる
     apt-get update
     apt-get install -y apt-transport-https ca-certificates
     apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://p80.pool.sks-keyservers.net:80 --recv-keys 58118E89F3A912897C070ADBF76221572C52609D
     echo "deb https://apt.dockerproject.org/repo ubuntu-trusty main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list
 
     # docker-engine を入れる
     apt-get update
     apt-get purge lxc-docker
     apt-cache policy docker-engine
     apt-get install -y docker-engine
 
     # vagrant ユーザーを docker グループに入れて docker サーバーを起動
     gpasswd -a vagrant docker
     service docker restart
 
     # docker-compose を入れる
     curl -s -S -L https://github.com/docker/compose/releases/download/1.21.2/docker-compose-`uname -s`-`uname -m` > /usr/local/bin/docker-compose
     chmod +x /usr/local/bin/docker-compose
 
     # 初期化済みフラグを立てる
     date > /etc/bootstrapped
 
   SHELL
$ vagrant up

library/ruby イメージ の雰囲気を確かめる

サイズは 55.5MB だった。

LANG:console
$ docker run --rm -it ruby:alpine         # 何も指定しないと irb が立ち上がる
 irb(main):001:0>^D
$ docker run --rm -it ruby:alpine bash    # bash は入っていない
 docker: Error response from daemon: OCI runtime create failed: container_linux.go:348: starting container process caused "exec: \"bash\": executable file not found in $PATH": unknown.
$ docker run --rm -it ruby:alpine sh      # sh は入ってる
/# ls -l bin/sh                           # 正体は busybox
 lrwxrwxrwx    1 root     root            12 Jan  9 19:37 bin/sh -> /bin/busybox
/# ruby --version
 ruby 2.5.1p57 (2018-03-29 revision 63029) [x86_64-linux-musl]
/# gem --version
 2.7.6
/# bundle --version
 Bundler version 1.16.1
/# gem install rails                      # 始めは gcc 等が入っていないのでコケる
 ...
 Fetching: nokogiri-1.8.2.gem (100%)
 Building native extensions. This could take a while...
 ERROR:  Error installing rails:
         ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension.
 ...
/# apk add -U --no-cache bash git alpine-sdk nodejs tzdata  # いろいろ入れる
/# gem install rails                      # これで入った
 ...
 Successfully installed rails-5.2.0
 30 gems installed
/# rails new myapp
 ...
 Installing sqlite3 1.3.13 with native extensions
 Gem::Ext::BuildError: ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension.
 ...
/# apk add sqlite-dev
/# rails new myapp                        # うまく行った
/# cd myapp
/myapp# rails s &                         # サーバーを起動
 => Booting Puma
 => Rails 5.2.0 application starting in development
 => Run `rails server -h` for more startup options
 Puma starting in single mode...
 * Version 3.11.4 (ruby 2.5.1-p57), codename: Love Song
 * Min threads: 5, max threads: 5
 * Environment: development
 * Listening on tcp://0.0.0.0:3000
 Use Ctrl-C to stop
/myapp# wget -O- localhost:3000 | head -4 # 正しく読める
 Connecting to localhost:3000 (127.0.0.1:3000)
 Started GET "/" for 127.0.0.1 at 2018-05-09 20:02:41 +0000
 Processing by Rails::WelcomeController#index as HTML
   Rendering /usr/local/bundle/gems/railties-5.2.0/lib/rails/templates/rails/welcome/index.html.erb
   Rendered /usr/local/bundle/gems/railties-5.2.0/lib/rails/templates/rails/welcome/index.html.erb (3.0ms)
 Completed 200 OK in 6ms (Views: 4.5ms | ActiveRecord: 0.0ms)
 
 <!DOCTYPE html>
 <html>
 <head>
   <title>Ruby on Rails</title>
/myapp# cat Gemfile                       # 標準の Gemfile
 source 'https://rubygems.org'
 git_source(:github) { |repo| "https://github.com/#{repo}.git" }
 
 ruby '2.5.1'
 
 # Bundle edge Rails instead: gem 'rails', github: 'rails/rails'
 gem 'rails', '~> 5.2.0'
 # Use sqlite3 as the database for Active Record
 gem 'sqlite3'
 # Use Puma as the app server
 gem 'puma', '~> 3.11'
 # Use SCSS for stylesheets
 gem 'sass-rails', '~> 5.0'
 # Use Uglifier as compressor for JavaScript assets
 gem 'uglifier', '>= 1.3.0'
 # See https://github.com/rails/execjs#readme for more supported runtimes
 # gem 'mini_racer', platforms: :ruby
 
 # Use CoffeeScript for .coffee assets and views
 gem 'coffee-rails', '~> 4.2'
 # Turbolinks makes navigating your web application faster. Read more: https://github.com/turbolinks/turbolinks
 gem 'turbolinks', '~> 5'
 # Build JSON APIs with ease. Read more: https://github.com/rails/jbuilder
 gem 'jbuilder', '~> 2.5'
 # Use Redis adapter to run Action Cable in production
 # gem 'redis', '~> 4.0'
 # Use ActiveModel has_secure_password
 # gem 'bcrypt', '~> 3.1.7'
 
 # Use ActiveStorage variant
 # gem 'mini_magick', '~> 4.8'
 
 # Use Capistrano for deployment
 # gem 'capistrano-rails', group: :development
 
 # Reduces boot times through caching; required in config/boot.rb
 gem 'bootsnap', '>= 1.1.0', require: false
 
 group :development, :test do
   # Call 'byebug' anywhere in the code to stop execution and get a debugger console
   gem 'byebug', platforms: [:mri, :mingw, :x64_mingw]
 end
 
 group :development do
   # Access an interactive console on exception pages or by calling 'console' anywhere in the code.
   gem 'web-console', '>= 3.3.0'
   gem 'listen', '>= 3.0.5', '< 3.2'
   # Spring speeds up development by keeping your application running in the background. Read more: https://github.com/rails/spring
   gem 'spring'
   gem 'spring-watcher-listen', '~> 2.0.0'
 end
 
 group :test do
   # Adds support for Capybara system testing and selenium driver
   gem 'capybara', '>= 2.15', '< 4.0'
   gem 'selenium-webdriver'
   # Easy installation and use of chromedriver to run system tests with Chrome
   gem 'chromedriver-helper'
 end
 
 # Windows does not include zoneinfo files, so bundle the tzinfo-data gem
 gem 'tzinfo-data', platforms: [:mingw, :mswin, :x64_mingw, :jruby]

方針

rails サーバー と postgresql サーバーとを別々に建てて接続する

postgres と mysql のイメージサイズは10倍くらい違う。
どちらでもいいなら postgres を使いたくなる感じ。

postgres                 alpine              24a77bfbb9ee        13 hours ago        39.5MB
mysql                    latest              a8a59477268d        5 days ago          445MB

postgres イメージの使い方

以下まだ考え中、とりあえずメモとして保存。後で編集する。

postgres 側の起動:

LANG:console
$ docker run --name some-postgres -e POSTGRES_PASSWORD=mysecretpassword -d postgres:alpine
LANG:console

This image includes EXPOSE 5432 (the postgres port), so standard container linking will make it automatically available to the linked containers. The default postgres user and database are created in the entrypoint with initdb.

   The postgres database is a default database meant for use by users, utilities and third party applications.
   postgresql.org/docs

connect to it from an application

LANG:console
$ docker run --name some-app --link some-postgres:postgres -d application-that-uses-postgres

development

まだ考え中

$ docker run -it -v /path_to_app_in_host:/rails_proj -p 13000:3000 myimage/ruby_with_docker /bin/sh
/# cd /rails_proj
/# bundle install
/# rails db:create
/# rails db:migrate
/# rails s

Dockerfile の作りかけ

FROM ruby:alpine

RUN \
    # いろいろ入れる
    apk add -U --no-cache bash git alpine-sdk nodejs tzdata  && \
    # bundler 入れる
    gem install bundler && \
    #
    cd 

Gemfile

LANG:ruby
source 'https://rubygems.org'
git_source(:github) { |repo| "https://github.com/#{repo}.git" }

ruby '2.5.1'

# Bundle edge Rails instead: gem 'rails', github: 'rails/rails'
gem 'rails', '~> 5.2.0'
# Use sqlite3 as the database for Active Record
gem 'sqlite3'
# Use Puma as the app server
gem 'puma', '~> 3.11'
# Use SCSS for stylesheets
gem 'sass-rails', '~> 5.0'
# Use Uglifier as compressor for JavaScript assets
gem 'uglifier', '>= 1.3.0'
# See https://github.com/rails/execjs#readme for more supported runtimes
gem 'mini_racer', platforms: :ruby

# Use CoffeeScript for .coffee assets and views
gem 'coffee-rails', '~> 4.2'
# Turbolinks makes navigating your web application faster. Read more: https://github.com/turbolinks/turbolinks
## gem 'turbolinks', '~> 5'
# Build JSON APIs with ease. Read more: https://github.com/rails/jbuilder
gem 'jbuilder', '~> 2.5'
# Use Redis adapter to run Action Cable in production
# gem 'redis', '~> 4.0'
# Use ActiveModel has_secure_password
gem 'bcrypt', '~> 3.1.7'

# Use ActiveStorage variant
# gem 'mini_magick', '~> 4.8'

# Use Capistrano for deployment
# gem 'capistrano-rails', group: :development

# Reduces boot times through caching; required in config/boot.rb
gem 'bootsnap', '>= 1.1.0', require: false

group :development, :test do
  # Call 'byebug' anywhere in the code to stop execution and get a debugger console
  gem 'byebug', platforms: [:mri, :mingw, :x64_mingw]
end

group :development do
  # Access an interactive console on exception pages or by calling 'console' anywhere in the code.
  gem 'web-console', '>= 3.3.0'
  gem 'listen', '>= 3.0.5', '< 3.2'
  # Spring speeds up development by keeping your application running in the background. Read more: https://github.com/rails/spring
  gem 'spring'
  gem 'spring-watcher-listen', '~> 2.0.0'
end

group :test do
  # Adds support for Capybara system testing and selenium driver
  gem 'capybara', '>= 2.15', '< 4.0'
  gem 'selenium-webdriver'
  # Easy installation and use of chromedriver to run system tests with Chrome
  gem 'chromedriver-helper'

  gem 'rspec-rails'
  gem 'rails-controller-testing'
end

# Windows does not include zoneinfo files, so bundle the tzinfo-data gem
# gem 'tzinfo-data', platforms: [:mingw, :mswin, :x64_mingw, :jruby]

# riot support
gem 'riot_js-rails', github: 'bjarosze/riot_js-rails', ref: 'f6328dbabcdf69400e1cea70485973ae1c926b94'
gem 'slim-rails'

# frontend libraries
gem 'jquery-rails'
gem 'jquery-validation-rails'
gem 'materialize-sass'

# easy way to check emails sent by rails app
group :development do
  gem "letter_opener"
  gem "letter_opener_web"
end

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