Petalinux2018.3によるzynq-7000ブート用SDカード作成 のバックアップ(No.7)

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公開メモ

Petalinux 2018.3 を使って zynq-7000 用のブートSDカードを作る

電気回路/zynq/Petalinux2018.3環境を整える の続き。

以前、Petalinux 2016.4 でやった 電気回路/zynq/Petalinux のビルド#aabc4100 および 電気回路/zynq/Petalinux のカスタマイズ#p4f8f224 を新しいバージョンでやり直すことになる。

ターゲットは z-turn board で、これまで以下のような記事を書いていた。

Petalinux により標準でサポートされている環境ではない(BSP が提供されていない)ので、 いろいろ調べながらやることになる。

プロジェクトの作成

z-turn ボードに対応する BSP は配布されていないので、 zynq の汎用テンプレートを使ってプロジェクトを作る。 (BSP が配布されているシステムであればプロジェクト作成時に BSP を指定する)

プロジェクトルートに .gitignore が作られるので、 それをそのまま使うことで git による管理が基本的には可能となる。

ただし、現時点で petalinux の git 対応は完全ではないため、 プロジェクトを共有するには BSP を使った方が良い、との注意もあった。

LANG:console
$ cd
$ mkdir petalinux
$ cd petalinux
$ petalinux-create -t project --template zynq -n zturn_v2018.3
 INFO: Create project: zturn_v2018.3
 INFO: New project successfully created in /home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3
$ cd zturn_v2018.3
$ ls -a
 ./  ../  .gitignore  .petalinux/  config.project  project-spec/
$ cat .gitignore
 */*/config.old
 */*/rootfs_config.old
 build/
 images/linux/
 pre-built/linux/
 .petalinux/*
 !.petalinux/metadata
 *.o
 *.jou
 *.log
 project-spec/meta-plnx-generated/
 /components/plnx_workspace
$ git init
 Initialized empty Git repository in /home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3/.git/
$ git add .
$ git config --global user.email "osamu@big.jp"
$ git config --global user.name "Osamu Takeuchi"
$ git commit -m "newly created"
 [master (root-commit) 1f2a538] newly created
  22 files changed, 997 insertions(+)

config.project と project-spec/ とがプロジェクトの本体になる。

vivado のハードウェア設定を取り込みつつ基本の設定

vivado のハードウェア設定を出力する の手順で vivado 2018.3 を使って design_1_wrapper.hdf を作成して、zturn_v2018.3/hw_platform/design_1_wrapper.hdf に置いた。 (.hdf ファイルの実体は hw_platform ディレクトリ内の主要ファイルを .zip 形式でまとめたもの)

実はこのとき、ZYNQ7 Processor System の SDIO Clock を 50MHz にしておかなければダメだった

LANG:console
$ ls hw_platform/
 design_1_wrapper.hdf 
$ petalinux-config --get-hw-description=hw_platform
 INFO: Getting hardware description...
 [INFO] generating Kconfig for project
 [INFO] menuconfig project
 (設定画面が現れる → とりあえず何も変更せずに Exit して設定を保存する)
 configuration written to /home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3/project-spec/configs/config
 
 *** End of the configuration.
 *** Execute 'make' to start the build or try 'make help'.
 
 [INFO] sourcing bitbake
 [INFO] generating plnxtool conf
 [INFO] generating meta-plnx-generated layer
 [INFO] generating machine configuration
 [INFO] generating bbappends for project . This may take time !
 [INFO] generating u-boot configuration files
 [INFO] generating kernel configuration files
 [INFO] generating kconfig for Rootfs
 [INFO] oldconfig rootfs
 [INFO] generating petalinux-user-image.bb
$ ls
 build/  components/  config.project  hw_platform/  project-spec/
$ ls build/
 bitbake-cookerdaemon.log  cache/  conf/  config.log  misc/  sstate-cache/  tmp/
$ git add .
$ git commit -m "configured as default"
 [master 3c376ac] configured as default
  12 files changed, 173923 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)
  create mode 100644 .petalinux/metadata
  create mode 100644 hw_platform/design_1_wrapper.hdf
  create mode 100644 project-spec/hw-description/design_1_wrapper.bit
  create mode 100644 project-spec/hw-description/ps7_init.c
  create mode 100644 project-spec/hw-description/ps7_init.h
  create mode 100644 project-spec/hw-description/ps7_init.html
  create mode 100644 project-spec/hw-description/ps7_init.tcl
  create mode 100644 project-spec/hw-description/ps7_init_gpl.c
  create mode 100644 project-spec/hw-description/ps7_init_gpl.h
  create mode 100644 project-spec/hw-description/system.hdf

とりあえず何も変更せずに Exit し、git へ登録した。

罫線の表示がおかしい

設定画面が現れたのだけれど・・・そのままだと罫線部分が文字化けする。

petalinux-config1.png

https://islandcnt.exblog.jp/16849117/ の "-YaSTのライン化け-" にあるように、 PuTTY の設定で Charactor set を use font encording にすればいいらしい。

petalinux-config2.png

ただこれだと LANG=ja_JP.UTF-8 での日本語表示がおかしくなる。

http://totech.hateblo.jp/entry/2014/09/22/071012 にあるように ja_JP.sjis ロケールを追加して、

LANG:console
$ sudo localedef -f SHIFT_JIS -i ja_JP ja_JP.SJIS
 character map `SHIFT_JIS' is not ASCII compatible, locale not ISO C compliant
$ export LANG=ja_JP.sjis
 takeuchi@petalinux2019-3:~/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3$ ls -l
 合計 28
 drwxrwxr-x 7 takeuchi takeuchi 4096  3月 15 20:38 build
 drwxrwxr-x 3 takeuchi takeuchi 4096  3月 15 20:31 components
 -rw-r--r-- 1 takeuchi takeuchi  248  3月 15 20:14 config.project
 drwxrwxr-x 2 takeuchi takeuchi 4096  3月 15 20:30 hw_platform
 drwxr-xr-x 6 takeuchi takeuchi 4096  3月 15 20:36 project-spec

のようにすれば文字化けはなくなるのだけれど・・・今時 Linux ターミナルで SJIS 使うのはどうなのかと。

LANG=C で進めるか、その都度 PuTTY の設定を変える方がよいのかもしれない。

ロケール問題再び?

ああそうか、そもそも 電気回路/zynq/Petalinux のビルド#y0c5addb で痛い目に遭ったように、 Petalinux 自体が LANG=C 以外だとおかしな事になるんだった。

この問題は今も続いているようで、

LANG:console
$ export LANG=ja_JP.sjis
$ petalinux-build -c kernel
 [INFO] building kernel
 [INFO] sourcing bitbake
 INFO: bitbake virtual/kernel
 Please use a locale setting which supports UTF-8 (such as LANG=en_US.UTF-8).
 Python can't change the filesystem locale after loading so we need a UTF-8 when Python starts or things won't work.
 ERROR: Failed to build kernel

のように、自ら検出してエラーを出してくれるようになっていた。

あれ?エラーメッセージを読むと UTF-8 なら問題ないと書いてある???

というかむしろ、

LANG:console
$ export LANG=C
$ petalinux-build -c kernel
 [INFO] building kernel
 [INFO] sourcing bitbake
 INFO: bitbake virtual/kernel
 Please use a locale setting which supports UTF-8 (such as LANG=en_US.UTF-8).
 Python can't change the filesystem locale after loading so we need a UTF-8 when Python starts or things won't work.
 ERROR: Failed to build kernel

LANG=C だと UTF-8 が処理できないのでダメらしい。

暗号化ファイルシステムの問題

ということは、LANG=ja_JP.UTF-8 なら問題ない?

LANG:console
$ export LANG=ja_JP.UTF-8
$ petalinux-build -c kernel
 [INFO] building kernel
 [INFO] sourcing bitbake
 INFO: bitbake virtual/kernel
 ERROR:  OE-core's config sanity checker detected a potential misconfiguration.
     Either fix the cause of this error or at your own risk disable the checker (see sanity.conf).
     Following is the list of potential problems / advisories:
 
     Failed to create a file with a long name in TMPDIR. Please use a filesystem that does not unreasonably limit filename length.
 Failed to create a file with a long name in SSTATE_DIR. Please use a filesystem that does not unreasonably limit filename length.

 Summary: There was 1 ERROR message shown, returning a non-zero exit code.
ERROR: Failed to build kernel

今度は長いファイル名を使えないのがダメと言われた。

うわーこれきついや。

仕方がないので ホームディレクトリ暗号化の解除 の手順で暗号化を解除した。

すると、

LANG:console
$ source /opt/petalinux_2018.3/settings.sh
$ petalinux-build -c kernel
 [INFO] building kernel
 [INFO] sourcing bitbake
 INFO: bitbake virtual/kernel
 Parsing recipes:   5%

のようにビルドが進むようになった。

WARNING は出たけど build できた

LANG:console
$ petalinux-build -c kernel
 ...
  WARNING: petalinux-user-image-1.0-r0 do_rootfs: [log_check] petalinux-user-image: found 1 warning message in the logfile:
 [log_check] warning: %post(sysvinit-inittab-2.88dsf-r10.plnx_zynq7) scriptlet failed, exit status 1
 
 NOTE: Tasks Summary: Attempted 2350 tasks of which 2122 didn't need to be rerun and all succeeded.
 
 Summary: There was 1 WARNING message shown.
 INFO: Copying Images from deploy to images
 INFO: Creating images/linux directory
 NOTE: Failed to copy built images to tftp dir:  /tftpboot
 [INFO] successfully built kernel
$ grep sysvinit-inittab build/tmp/work/plnx_zynq7-xilinx-linux-gnueabi/petalinux-user-image/1.0-r0/temp/log.do_rootfs
 sysvinit-inittab                plnx_zynq7      2.88dsf-r10      oe-repo 7.5 k
 sysvinit-inittab-lic            plnx_zynq7      2.88dsf-r10      oe-repo  12 k
  Installing       : sysvinit-inittab-2.88dsf-r10.plnx_zynq7             69/122
  Running scriptlet: sysvinit-inittab-2.88dsf-r10.plnx_zynq7             69/122
warning: %post(sysvinit-inittab-2.88dsf-r10.plnx_zynq7) scriptlet failed, exit status 1
  Installing       : sysvinit-inittab-lic-2.88dsf-r10.plnx_zynq7        117/122
  Verifying        : sysvinit-inittab-2.88dsf-r10.plnx_zynq7             79/122
  Verifying        : sysvinit-inittab-lic-2.88dsf-r10.plnx_zynq7         94/122
  sysvinit-inittab-lic.plnx_zynq7 2.88dsf-r10
  sysvinit-inittab.plnx_zynq7 2.88dsf-r10
Non-fatal POSTIN scriptlet failure in rpm package sysvinit-inittab
Non-fatal POSTIN scriptlet failure in rpm package sysvinit-inittab
NOTE: Saving postinstall script of sysvinit-inittab
NOTE: Delayed package scriptlet: 100-sysvinit-inittab
[log_check] warning: %post(sysvinit-inittab-2.88dsf-r10.plnx_zynq7) scriptlet failed, exit status 1

Non-fatal となっているので、無視しても良いってことかしら???

以下のように、全体のビルドも問題なかった。

LANG:console
$ petalinux-build
 ...

 NOTE: Tasks Summary: Attempted 3065 tasks of which 2474 didn't need to be rerun and all succeeded.
 INFO: Copying Images from deploy to images
 NOTE: Failed to copy built images to tftp dir:  /tftpboot
 [INFO] successfully built project
$ ls images/linux/
 image.ub         rootfs.cpio.gz         rootfs.ext4     rootfs.manifest       system.bit        u-boot.elf
 rootfs.bin       rootfs.cpio.gz.u-boot  rootfs.ext4.gz  rootfs.tar.bz2        system.dtb        vmlinux
 rootfs.cpio      rootfs.ext3            rootfs.its      rootfs.tar.gz         System.map.linux  zImage
 rootfs.cpio.bz2  rootfs.ext3.bz2        rootfs.jffs2    rootfs.testdata.json  u-boot.bin        zynq_fsbl.elf

してみると、いろいろとできていることを確認できる。

古い .hdf だとエラーが出た

同じソースから vivado 2016.4 で作成した hdf を与えた場合には "Unable to find ps7 init files" というエラーが出た。

新しいバージョンで作り直さないとダメみたい。

LANG:console
$ petalinux-build -c kernel
 [INFO] building kernel
 [INFO] sourcing bitbake
 INFO: bitbake virtual/kernel
 Loading cache: 100% |############################################| Time: 0:00:03
 Loaded 3444 entries from dependency cache.
 Parsing recipes: 100% |##########################################| Time: 0:00:31
 Parsing of 2569 .bb files complete (2532 cached, 37 parsed). 3445 targets, 149 skipped, 0 masked, 0 errors.
 NOTE: Resolving any missing task queue dependencies
 Initialising tasks: 100% |#######################################| Time: 0:00:21
 Checking sstate mirror object availability: 100% |###############| Time: 0:00:46
 NOTE: Executing SetScene Tasks
 NOTE: Executing RunQueue Tasks
 WARNING: petalinux-user-image-1.0-r0 do_rootfs: [log_check] petalinux-user-image: found 1 warning message in the logfile:
 [log_check] warning: %post(sysvinit-inittab-2.88dsf-r10.plnx_zynq7) scriptlet failed, exit status 1
 
 ERROR: fsbl-2018.3+gitAUTOINC+56f3da2afb-r0 do_configure: Function failed: do_configure (log file is located at /home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3/build/tmp/work/plnx_zynq7-xilinx-linux-gnueabi/fsbl/2018.3+gitAUTOINC+56f3da2afb-r0/temp/log.do_configure.5645)
 ERROR: Logfile of failure stored in: /home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3/build/tmp/work/plnx_zynq7-xilinx-linux-gnueabi/fsbl/2018.3+gitAUTOINC+56f3da2afb-r0/temp/log.do_configure.5645
 Log data follows:
 | DEBUG: Executing shell function do_configure
 | MISC_ARG is  -yamlconf /home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3/build/tmp/work/plnx_zynq7-xilinx-linux-gnueabi/fsbl/2018.3+gitAUTOINC+56f3da2afb-r0/fsbl.yaml
 | APP_ARG is  -app "Zynq FSBL"
 | Using xsct from: /opt/petalinux_2018.3/tools/xsct/SDK/2018.3/bin/xsct
 | cmd is: xsct -sdx -nodisp /home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3/build/tmp/work/plnx_zynq7-xilinx-linux-gnueabi/fsbl/2018.3+gitAUTOINC+56f3da2afb-r0/app.tcl -ws /home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3/build/tmp/work/plnx_zynq7-xilinx-linux-gnueabi/fsbl/2018.3+gitAUTOINC+56f3da2afb-r0/build -pname fsbl -rp /home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3/build/tmp/work/plnx_zynq7-xilinx-linux-gnueabi/fsbl/2018.3+gitAUTOINC+56f3da2afb-r0/git -processor ps7_cortexa9_0 -hdf /home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3/build/tmp/deploy/images/plnx-zynq7/Xilinx-plnx-zynq7.hdf -arch 32  -app "Zynq FSBL"  -yamlconf /home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3/build/tmp/work/plnx_zynq7-xilinx-linux-gnueabi/fsbl/2018.3+gitAUTOINC+56f3da2afb-r0/fsbl.yaml
 | INFO: [Hsi 55-1698] elapsed time for repository loading 0 seconds
 | Opening the hardware design, this may take few seconds.
 | ERROR: [Hsi 55-1606] Unable to find ps7 init files in the directory /home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3/build/tmp/work/plnx_zynq7-xilinx-linux-gnueabi/fsbl/2018.3+gitAUTOINC+56f3da2afb-r0/build/fsbl_plat/_platform/dsa.
 | INFO: create bsp using fsbl_domain
 | Creating app at: /home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3/build/tmp/work/plnx_zynq7-xilinx-linux-gnueabi/fsbl/2018.3+gitAUTOINC+56f3da2afb-r0/build
 | ERROR: [Hsi 55-1606] Unable to find ps7 init files in the directory /home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3/build/tmp/work/plnx_zynq7-xilinx-linux-gnueabi/fsbl/2018.3+gitAUTOINC+56f3da2afb-r0/build/fsbl_plat/_platform/dsa.
 | ERROR: [Hsi 55-1438] Error running generate_app.
 | ERROR: [Common 17-39] 'hsi::generate_app' failed due to earlier errors.
 |
 |     while executing
 | "::hsi::generate_app -app $hsitemplate"
 |     (procedure "app" line 323)
 |     invoked from within
 | "app create -name $params(pname) -lang c -template $params(app) -plnx"
 |     invoked from within
 | "if { $params(ws) ne "" } {
 |       #Local Work Space available
 |       if { $params(pname) ne "" } {
 |               # hwpname/bspname is empty then default it to pname+_hwproj/b..."
 |     (file "/home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3/build/tmp/work/plnx_zynq7-xilinx-linux-gnueabi/fsbl/2018.3+gitAUTOINC+56f3da2afb-r0/app.tcl" line 139)
 | WARNING: exit code 1 from a shell command.
 | ERROR: Function failed: do_configure (log file is located at /home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3/build/tmp/work/plnx_zynq7-xilinx-linux-gnueabi/fsbl/2018.3+gitAUTOINC+56f3da2afb-r0/temp/log.do_configure.5645)
 ERROR: Task (/opt/petalinux_2018.3/components/yocto/source/arm/layers/meta-xilinx-tools/recipes-bsp/fsbl/fsbl_git.bb:do_configure) failed with exit code '1'
 NOTE: Tasks Summary: Attempted 2330 tasks of which 2115 didn't need to be rerun and 1 failed.
 
 Summary: 1 task failed:
   /opt/petalinux_2018.3/components/yocto/source/arm/layers/meta-xilinx-tools/recipes-bsp/fsbl/fsbl_git.bb:do_configure
 Summary: There was 1 WARNING message shown.
 Summary: There was 1 ERROR message shown, returning a non-zero exit code.
 ERROR: Failed to build kernel
$ ls /home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3/build/tmp/work/plnx_zynq7-xilinx-linux-gnueabi/fsbl/2018.3+gitAUTOINC+56f3da2afb-r0/temp/run.do_configure
 /home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3/build/tmp/work/plnx_zynq7-xilinx-linux-gnueabi/fsbl/2018.3+gitAUTOINC+56f3da2afb-r0/temp/run.do_configure
$ ls /home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3/build/tmp/work/plnx_zynq7-xilinx-linux-gnueabi/fsbl/2018.3+gitAUTOINC+56f3da2afb-r0/build/fsbl_plat/_platform/dsa
 Xilinx-plnx-zynq7.dsa  Xilinx-plnx-zynq7.hdf

BOOT.BIN の作成

LANG:console
$ petalinux-package --boot --fsbl images/linux/zynq_fsbl.elf --fpga  images/linux/system.bit --u-boot --force
 INFO: File in BOOT BIN: "/home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3/images/linux/zynq_fsbl.elf"
 INFO: File in BOOT BIN: "/home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3/images/linux/system.bit"
 INFO: File in BOOT BIN: "/home/takeuchi/petalinux/zturn_v2018.3/images/linux/u-boot.elf"
 INFO: Generating Zynq binary package BOOT.BIN...
 
 
 ****** Xilinx Bootgen v2018.3
   **** Build date : Nov 15 2018-19:22:29
     ** Copyright 1986-2018 Xilinx, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
 
 INFO: Binary is ready.
 WARNING: Unable to access the TFTPBOOT folder /tftpboot!!!
 WARNING: Skip file copy to TFTPBOOT folder!!!
$ ls
 build  components  config.project  hw_platform  hw_platform_old  images  project-spec
$ ls images/linux/
 BOOT.BIN     rootfs.cpio.bz2        rootfs.ext3.bz2  rootfs.jffs2     rootfs.testdata.json  u-boot.bin  zynq_fsbl.elf
 image.ub     rootfs.cpio.gz         rootfs.ext4      rootfs.manifest  system.bit            u-boot.elf
 rootfs.bin   rootfs.cpio.gz.u-boot  rootfs.ext4.gz   rootfs.tar.bz2   system.dtb            vmlinux
 rootfs.cpio  rootfs.ext3            rootfs.its       rootfs.tar.gz    System.map.linux      zImage

昔と違って カレントフォルダに BOOT.BIN が生成されてしまうこと はなくなったみたい。

SD カードに書き込んで試す

電気回路/z-turn/VirtualBox に Debia8 を入れる#g8dc93aa の手順 (USB3.0 に繋いだカードリーダーでは一手間必要だった)で VirtualBox から SD カードへアクセスできるようにして、

LANG:console
$ lsblk
 NAME                            MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE  MOUNTPOINT
 sda                               8:0    0   100G  0 disk
 ├─sda1                            8:1    0   731M  0 part  /boot
 ├─sda2                            8:2    0     1K  0 part
 └─sda5                            8:5    0  99.3G  0 part
   ├─petalinux2019--3--vg-root   252:0    0  98.3G  0 lvm   /
   └─petalinux2019--3--vg-swap_1 252:1    0   976M  0 lvm
     └─cryptswap1                252:2    0 975.5M  0 crypt [SWAP]
 sdf                               8:80   1   3.7G  0 disk
 ├─sdf1                            8:81   1 196.1M  0 part
 └─sdf2                            8:82   1   3.5G  0 part
 sr0                              11:0    1  1024M  0 rom
$ ls /mnt
$ sudo mkdir /mnt/sdcard1 /mnt/sdcard2
$ sudo mount /dev/sdf1 /mnt/sdcard1
$ ls 
 ... (消していい内容であることを確認)

$ sudo mount /dev/sdf2 /mnt/sdcard2
$ ls 
 ... (消していい内容であることを確認)

$ sudo umount /mnt/sdcard?

まっさらな FAT パーティションを作成

LANG:console
$ sudo fdisk /dev/sdf
   p (print)
   d (delete) 1  # 必要に応じて
   d (delete) 2  # 必要に応じて
   n (new) p (primary) 1 ret (start=default) +64M (size)
   n (new) p (primary) 2 retrn (start=default) return (size=default)
   t (type) 1 b (W95 FAT32)
   a (bootable) 1
   p (print)

 デバイス   起動  Start 最後から セクタ  Size Id タイプ
 /dev/sdf1  *      2048   264191  262144  128M  b W95 FAT32
 /dev/sdf2       264192  7744511 7480320  3.6G 83 Linux

   w (write & exit)
$ lsblk
 NAME                            MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE  MOUNTPOINT
 ...
 sdf                               8:80   1   3.7G  0 disk
 ├─sdf1                            8:81   1   128M  0 part
 └─sdf2                            8:82   1   3.6G  0 part
 ...
$ sudo mkfs.msdos -n BOOT /dev/sdf1
$ sudo mkfs.ext4  -L ROOT /dev/sdf2

http://engineernote.hatenablog.com/entry/2016/01/31/012227

によると、

BOOT.binはbitstreamとFSBL、u-bootをひとつのバイナリに結合したもので、image.ubはkernelとrootfs、デバイスツリーのようです。

とのことなので、まっさらな FAT フォーマットの SD カードに BOOT.bin と image.ub だけ入れればいい。

LANG:console
$ sudo mount /dev/sdf1 /mnt/sdcard1
$ sudo cp images/linux/BOOT.BIN images/linux/image.ub /mnt/sdcard1
$ sudo umount /dev/sdf1

これでいいはず。

SDIO Clock = 50MHz にしないとだめだった

上でもちょっと書いたけれど 「電気回路/zynq/最新の fsbl で Linux が起動しない理由を調べる」 で判明したのと同じ原因で、 .hdf を作る際に ZYNQ7 Processor System の設定で SDIO Clock を 50MHz にしないとまったくうんともすんとも言わなかった。

sdio-clock-50MHz.png

起動した

以下は、USB_UART に USB ケーブルを繋ぎ、Tera Term で COM6 を見ながら z-turn board をリセットした際に表示された起動メッセージ。

LANG:console
U-Boot 2018.01 (Mar 19 2019 - 03:03:19 +0000) Xilinx Zynq ZC702

Board: Xilinx Zynq
Silicon: v3.1
I2C:   ready
DRAM:  ECC disabled 1 GiB
MMC:   mmc@e0100000: 0 (SD)
SF: Detected w25q128bv with page size 256 Bytes, erase size 4 KiB, total 16 MiB
*** Warning - bad CRC, using default environment

## Error: flags type check failure for "serverip" <= "AUTO" (type: i)
himport_r: can't insert "serverip=AUTO" into hash table
In:    serial@e0001000
Out:   serial@e0001000
Err:   serial@e0001000
Board: Xilinx Zynq
Silicon: v3.1
Net:   ZYNQ GEM: e000b000, phyaddr ffffffff, interface rgmii-id
eth0: ethernet@e000b000
U-BOOT for zturn_v2018.3

ethernet@e000b000 Waiting for PHY auto negotiation to complete......... TIMEOUT !
Hit any key to stop autoboot:  0
Device: mmc@e0100000
Manufacturer ID: 3
OEM: 5344
Name: SU04G
Tran Speed: 50000000
Rd Block Len: 512
SD version 3.0
High Capacity: Yes
Capacity: 3.7 GiB
Bus Width: 4-bit
Erase Group Size: 512 Bytes
reading image.ub
10000404 bytes read in 559 ms (17.1 MiB/s)
## Loading kernel from FIT Image at 10000000 ...
   Using 'conf@system-top.dtb' configuration
   Verifying Hash Integrity ... OK
   Trying 'kernel@1' kernel subimage
     Description:  Linux kernel
     Type:         Kernel Image
     Compression:  gzip compressed
     Data Start:   0x10000104
     Data Size:    3941035 Bytes = 3.8 MiB
     Architecture: ARM
     OS:           Linux
     Load Address: 0x00008000
     Entry Point:  0x00008000
     Hash algo:    sha1
     Hash value:   70dd39c3d4c46f9073ba1a881abb498a1bfd9191
   Verifying Hash Integrity ... sha1+ OK
## Loading ramdisk from FIT Image at 10000000 ...
   Using 'conf@system-top.dtb' configuration
   Trying 'ramdisk@1' ramdisk subimage
     Description:  petalinux-user-image
     Type:         RAMDisk Image
     Compression:  gzip compressed
     Data Start:   0x103c5ca4
     Data Size:    6043105 Bytes = 5.8 MiB
     Architecture: ARM
     OS:           Linux
     Load Address: unavailable
     Entry Point:  unavailable
     Hash algo:    sha1
     Hash value:   a9a00f2e7dda4f17404055e7afa2b3244ca7afd9
   Verifying Hash Integrity ... sha1+ OK
## Loading fdt from FIT Image at 10000000 ...
   Using 'conf@system-top.dtb' configuration
   Trying 'fdt@system-top.dtb' fdt subimage
     Description:  Flattened Device Tree blob
     Type:         Flat Device Tree
     Compression:  uncompressed
     Data Start:   0x103c24b0
     Data Size:    14132 Bytes = 13.8 KiB
     Architecture: ARM
     Hash algo:    sha1
     Hash value:   d1094e4d7bd40491e9cae7952924c378a7d2d1b0
   Verifying Hash Integrity ... sha1+ OK
   Booting using the fdt blob at 0x103c24b0
   Uncompressing Kernel Image ... OK
   Loading Ramdisk to 07a3c000, end 07fff5e1 ... OK
   Loading Device Tree to 07a35000, end 07a3b733 ... OK

Starting kernel ...

Booting Linux on physical CPU 0x0
Linux version 4.14.0-xilinx-v2018.3 (oe-user@oe-host) (gcc version 7.3.0 (GCC)) #1 SMP PREEMPT Mon Mar 18 15:35:06 UTC 2019
CPU: ARMv7 Processor [413fc090] revision 0 (ARMv7), cr=18c5387d
CPU: PIPT / VIPT nonaliasing data cache, VIPT aliasing instruction cache
OF: fdt: Machine model: xlnx,zynq-7000
bootconsole [earlycon0] enabled
Memory policy: Data cache writealloc
cma: Reserved 16 MiB at 0x3f000000
percpu: Embedded 16 pages/cpu @ef7ce000 s34764 r8192 d22580 u65536
Built 1 zonelists, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 260608
Kernel command line: console=ttyPS0,115200 earlyprintk
PID hash table entries: 4096 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
Dentry cache hash table entries: 131072 (order: 7, 524288 bytes)
Inode-cache hash table entries: 65536 (order: 6, 262144 bytes)
Memory: 1006984K/1048576K available (6144K kernel code, 238K rwdata, 1564K rodata, 1024K init, 152K bss, 25208K reserved, 16384K cma-reserved, 245760K highmem)
Virtual kernel memory layout:
    vector  : 0xffff0000 - 0xffff1000   (   4 kB)
    fixmap  : 0xffc00000 - 0xfff00000   (3072 kB)
    vmalloc : 0xf0800000 - 0xff800000   ( 240 MB)
    lowmem  : 0xc0000000 - 0xf0000000   ( 768 MB)
    pkmap   : 0xbfe00000 - 0xc0000000   (   2 MB)
    modules : 0xbf000000 - 0xbfe00000   (  14 MB)
      .text : 0xc0008000 - 0xc0700000   (7136 kB)
      .init : 0xc0900000 - 0xc0a00000   (1024 kB)
      .data : 0xc0a00000 - 0xc0a3b880   ( 239 kB)
       .bss : 0xc0a3b880 - 0xc0a61bc4   ( 153 kB)
Preemptible hierarchical RCU implementation.
        RCU restricting CPUs from NR_CPUS=4 to nr_cpu_ids=2.
        Tasks RCU enabled.
RCU: Adjusting geometry for rcu_fanout_leaf=16, nr_cpu_ids=2
NR_IRQS: 16, nr_irqs: 16, preallocated irqs: 16
efuse mapped to f0802000
slcr mapped to f0804000
L2C: platform modifies aux control register: 0x72360000 -> 0x72760000
L2C: DT/platform modifies aux control register: 0x72360000 -> 0x72760000
L2C-310 erratum 769419 enabled
L2C-310 enabling early BRESP for Cortex-A9
L2C-310 full line of zeros enabled for Cortex-A9
L2C-310 ID prefetch enabled, offset 1 lines
L2C-310 dynamic clock gating enabled, standby mode enabled
L2C-310 cache controller enabled, 8 ways, 512 kB
L2C-310: CACHE_ID 0x410000c8, AUX_CTRL 0x76760001
zynq_clock_init: clkc starts at f0804100
Zynq clock init
sched_clock: 64 bits at 333MHz, resolution 3ns, wraps every 4398046511103ns
clocksource: arm_global_timer: mask: 0xffffffffffffffff max_cycles: 0x4ce07af025, max_idle_ns: 440795209040 ns
Switching to timer-based delay loop, resolution 3ns
clocksource: ttc_clocksource: mask: 0xffff max_cycles: 0xffff, max_idle_ns: 537538477 ns
timer #0 at f080c000, irq=17
Console: colour dummy device 80x30
Calibrating delay loop (skipped), value calculated using timer frequency.. 666.66 BogoMIPS (lpj=3333333)
pid_max: default: 32768 minimum: 301
Mount-cache hash table entries: 2048 (order: 1, 8192 bytes)
Mountpoint-cache hash table entries: 2048 (order: 1, 8192 bytes)
CPU: Testing write buffer coherency: ok
CPU0: thread -1, cpu 0, socket 0, mpidr 80000000
Setting up static identity map for 0x100000 - 0x100060
Hierarchical SRCU implementation.
smp: Bringing up secondary CPUs ...
CPU1: thread -1, cpu 1, socket 0, mpidr 80000001
smp: Brought up 1 node, 2 CPUs
SMP: Total of 2 processors activated (1333.33 BogoMIPS).
CPU: All CPU(s) started in SVC mode.
devtmpfs: initialized
random: get_random_u32 called from bucket_table_alloc+0x1c4/0x204 with crng_init=0
VFP support v0.3: implementor 41 architecture 3 part 30 variant 9 rev 4
clocksource: jiffies: mask: 0xffffffff max_cycles: 0xffffffff, max_idle_ns: 19112604462750000 ns
futex hash table entries: 512 (order: 3, 32768 bytes)
pinctrl core: initialized pinctrl subsystem
random: fast init done
NET: Registered protocol family 16
DMA: preallocated 256 KiB pool for atomic coherent allocations
cpuidle: using governor menu
hw-breakpoint: found 5 (+1 reserved) breakpoint and 1 watchpoint registers.
hw-breakpoint: maximum watchpoint size is 4 bytes.
zynq-ocm f800c000.ocmc: ZYNQ OCM pool: 256 KiB @ 0xf0880000
zynq-pinctrl 700.pinctrl: zynq pinctrl initialized
e0000000.serial: ttyPS1 at MMIO 0xe0000000 (irq = 28, base_baud = 6249999) is a xuartps
e0001000.serial: ttyPS0 at MMIO 0xe0001000 (irq = 29, base_baud = 6249999) is a xuartps
・onsole [ttyPS0] enabled
console [ttyPS0] enabled
bootconsole [earlycon0] disabled
bootconsole [earlycon0] disabled
vgaarb: loaded
SCSI subsystem initialized
usbcore: registered new interface driver usbfs
usbcore: registered new interface driver hub
usbcore: registered new device driver usb
media: Linux media interface: v0.10
Linux video capture interface: v2.00
pps_core: LinuxPPS API ver. 1 registered
pps_core: Software ver. 5.3.6 - Copyright 2005-2007 Rodolfo Giometti <giometti@linux.it>
PTP clock support registered
EDAC MC: Ver: 3.0.0
FPGA manager framework
fpga-region fpga-full: FPGA Region probed
Advanced Linux Sound Architecture Driver Initialized.
clocksource: Switched to clocksource arm_global_timer
NET: Registered protocol family 2
TCP established hash table entries: 8192 (order: 3, 32768 bytes)
TCP bind hash table entries: 8192 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)
TCP: Hash tables configured (established 8192 bind 8192)
UDP hash table entries: 512 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
UDP-Lite hash table entries: 512 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
NET: Registered protocol family 1
RPC: Registered named UNIX socket transport module.
RPC: Registered udp transport module.
RPC: Registered tcp transport module.
RPC: Registered tcp NFSv4.1 backchannel transport module.
Trying to unpack rootfs image as initramfs...
Freeing initrd memory: 5904K
hw perfevents: no interrupt-affinity property for /pmu@f8891000, guessing.
hw perfevents: enabled with armv7_cortex_a9 PMU driver, 7 counters available
workingset: timestamp_bits=30 max_order=18 bucket_order=0
jffs2: version 2.2. (NAND) (SUMMARY)  c 2001-2006 Red Hat, Inc.
bounce: pool size: 64 pages
io scheduler noop registered
io scheduler deadline registered
io scheduler cfq registered (default)
io scheduler mq-deadline registered
io scheduler kyber registered
dma-pl330 f8003000.dmac: Loaded driver for PL330 DMAC-241330
dma-pl330 f8003000.dmac:        DBUFF-128x8bytes Num_Chans-8 Num_Peri-4 Num_Events-16
brd: module loaded
loop: module loaded
m25p80 spi0.0: found w25q128, expected n25q512a
m25p80 spi0.0: w25q128 (16384 Kbytes)
4 ofpart partitions found on MTD device spi0.0
Creating 4 MTD partitions on "spi0.0":
0x000000000000-0x000000500000 : "boot"
0x000000500000-0x000000520000 : "bootenv"
0x000000520000-0x000000fa0000 : "kernel"
0x000000fa0000-0x000001000000 : "spare"
libphy: Fixed MDIO Bus: probed
CAN device driver interface
libphy: MACB_mii_bus: probed
macb e000b000.ethernet eth0: Cadence GEM rev 0x00020118 at 0xe000b000 irq 31 (00:0a:35:00:1e:53)
Generic PHY e000b000.ethernet-ffffffff:00: attached PHY driver [Generic PHY] (mii_bus:phy_addr=e000b000.ethernet-ffffffff:00, irq=POLL)
e1000e: Intel(R) PRO/1000 Network Driver - 3.2.6-k
e1000e: Copyright(c) 1999 - 2015 Intel Corporation.
ehci_hcd: USB 2.0 'Enhanced' Host Controller (EHCI) Driver
ehci-pci: EHCI PCI platform driver
usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage
i2c /dev entries driver
cdns-i2c e0004000.i2c: 400 kHz mmio e0004000 irq 24
cdns-i2c e0005000.i2c: 400 kHz mmio e0005000 irq 25
IR NEC protocol handler initialized
IR RC5(x/sz) protocol handler initialized
IR RC6 protocol handler initialized
IR JVC protocol handler initialized
IR Sony protocol handler initialized
IR SANYO protocol handler initialized
IR Sharp protocol handler initialized
IR MCE Keyboard/mouse protocol handler initialized
IR XMP protocol handler initialized
cdns-wdt f8005000.watchdog: Xilinx Watchdog Timer at f098d000 with timeout 10s
EDAC MC: ECC not enabled
Xilinx Zynq CpuIdle Driver started
sdhci: Secure Digital Host Controller Interface driver
sdhci: Copyright(c) Pierre Ossman
sdhci-pltfm: SDHCI platform and OF driver helper
mmc0: SDHCI controller on e0100000.mmc [e0100000.mmc] using ADMA
ledtrig-cpu: registered to indicate activity on CPUs
usbcore: registered new interface driver usbhid
usbhid: USB HID core driver
fpga_manager fpga0: Xilinx Zynq FPGA Manager registered
NET: Registered protocol family 10
Segment Routing with IPv6
sit: IPv6, IPv4 and MPLS over IPv4 tunneling driver
NET: Registered protocol family 17
can: controller area network core (rev 20170425 abi 9)
NET: Registered protocol family 29
can: raw protocol (rev 20170425)
can: broadcast manager protocol (rev 20170425 t)
can: netlink gateway (rev 20170425) max_hops=1
Registering SWP/SWPB emulation handler
hctosys: unable to open rtc device (rtc0)
of_cfs_init
of_cfs_init: OK
ALSA device list:
  No soundcards found.
Freeing unused kernel memory: 1024K
mmc0: new high speed SDHC card at address aaaa
mmcblk0: mmc0:aaaa SU04G 3.69 GiB
INIT:  mmcblk0: p1 p2
version 2.88 booting
Starting udev
udevd[743]: starting version 3.2.2
udevd[744]: starting eudev-3.2.2
EXT4-fs (mmcblk0p2): recovery complete
EXT4-fs (mmcblk0p2): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode. Opts: (null)
FAT-fs (mmcblk0p1): Volume was not properly unmounted. Some data may be corrupt. Please run fsck.
hwclock: can't open '/dev/misc/rtc': No such file or directory
Tue Mar 19 03:03:03 UTC 2019
hwclock: can't open '/dev/misc/rtc': No such file or directory
Starting internet superserver: inetd.
Configuring packages on first boot....
 (This may take several minutes. Please do not power off the machine.)
Running postinst /etc/rpm-postinsts/100-sysvinit-inittab...
update-rc.d: /etc/init.d/run-postinsts exists during rc.d purge (continuing)
 Removing any system startup links for run-postinsts ...
  /etc/rcS.d/S99run-postinsts
INIT: Entering runlevel: 5
Configuring network interfaces... IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): eth0: link is not ready
udhcpc (v1.24.1) started
Sending discover...
Sending discover...
Sending discover...
No lease, forking to background
done.
Starting Dropbear SSH server: Generating key, this may take a while...
Public key portion is:
ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAABAQCaB+HRMpl/uuag+WGIACkJu6SU3hMa+RZ/qA/7PCELRCDQF7mFLm0nYYh/ZRwmU+WRf1W+Aef17A4Mvuv8tJPq/FLgeft/3/XkQrPFepAV4ZGfPKA0UCgwf+D+NpgU8IH5hraVXPtj+UHpbrdfQOn6Cs2AdOuEa0ExF5k+aRdWMllK1ItO3bmJqEUU1QSml9t0SgpVu5gCViHszKDzYz5b3K9NLnXJ9TbEcfAUTfoENTZyg0f7bonnis9n1DYmLig+dKLr8AMVyPImMDGrr+YhSx1UI41mEj+4MUTvfjK4vuANbvHwRD60lOsRFA2qU0vWLkMxg4MT7bjhy18eX+Pv root@zturn_v2018.3
Fingerprint: md5 8b:58:66:af:30:d6:4e:98:9b:bf:10:67:40:20:63:27
dropbear.
hwclock: can't open '/dev/misc/rtc': No such file or directory
Starting syslogd/klogd: done
Starting tcf-agent: OK

PetaLinux 2018.3 zturn_v2018.3 /dev/ttyPS0

zturn_v2018.3 login: root
Password:
root@zturn_v2018:~#

FSBL の UART チャンネル設定

起動するにはしたが 「電気回路/zynq/Petalinux のビルド#ode1428c」 と比べると、 FSBL 関連のメッセージが出ていないので、どこかで UART チャンネルの指定が足りていないっぽい。

対処法は・・・これかもしれない?

https://japan.xilinx.com/support/answers/61349.html

menuconfig で [Linux Components Selection] に移動し、[First Stage Bootloader] を無効にしたけれど components/ に fsbl のコードは存在しないのでどうしようもない。

えー?

LANG:console
$ ls components/
 plnx_workspace
$ find -name system.mss
 ./build/tmp/work/plnx_zynq7-xilinx-linux-gnueabi/fsbl/2018.3+gitAUTOINC+56f3da2afb-r0/build/fsbl_plat/_platform/sysconfig1/fsbl_domain/mss/system.mss
 ./build/tmp/work/plnx_zynq7-xilinx-linux-gnueabi/fsbl/2018.3+gitAUTOINC+56f3da2afb-r0/build/fsbl_plat/export/fsbl_plat/sw/sysconfig1/fsbl_domain/system.mss
 ./build/tmp/work/plnx_zynq7-xilinx-linux-gnueabi/fsbl/2018.3+gitAUTOINC+56f3da2afb-r0/build/fsbl/zynq_fsbl_bsp/system.mss
$ cp -r ./build/tmp/work/plnx_zynq7-xilinx-linux-gnueabi/fsbl/2018.3+gitAUTOINC+56f3da2afb-r0/build/fsbl/zynq_fsbl_bsp/ components/
$ 

build フォルダの奥深くにあったみたい。

設定

LANG:console
$ cat >> ~/.bashrc  # 自動実行スクリプトに登録する
 alias petalinux-setup='source /opt/petalinux_2018.3/settings.sh;export LANG=en_US.UTF-8'
^D

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